The NHL is a rapidly growing league, and is gaining popularity around the world. Many more countries are starting to embrace the sport of hockey, most recently with Puerto Rico set to ice a full women’s hockey team for Amerigol Latam Cup in Florida this coming weekend.
UPDATE: A post trade deadline update to the nationality breakdown can be found here: Breaking down each NHL team’s roster by nationality: 2022 trade deadline
For the past three years, The Win Column has done a breakdown for every team in the NHL based on nationality (see 2019, 2020, and 2021 here).
In 2021–22, there are even more players from different countries, and a few new nationalities we haven’t seen in quite some time. Using the season opening rosters for each team, we broke down each NHL team’s roster by nationality once again. This 2021–22 edition will change as the season goes on, and already has as teams have shuffled players up and down from their big club to their farm teams.
Hockey arond the world
Hockey is globally known as “Canada’s game”, and while that might still be true today, there are several countries that have closed the gap in the past decade or so. Now, hockey is mostly dominated by the Big Six: Canada, the USA, Russia, Sweden, Finland, and the Czech Republic. There have been 24 winter Olympic games that have had men’s ice hockey, and these five nations have won 65 out of 72 total medals or 90% of medals awarded.
The emergence of international superstars like Tim Stützle, the game of hockey is clearly growing overseas. It’s only a matter of time that we start to see countries like Switzerland, Germany, and Denmark rise up the international ice hockey charts and challenge for medals at international tournaments.
Each year at the NHL draft there are more and more players selected from non-traditional hockey markets, and the game really is growing in more countries around the world. When Owen Power was selected first overall by the Buffalo Sabres in the 2021 draft, it was the first time six years that Canadians were taken first overall in back-to-back drafts. Over the past 10 years, first overall picks have come from five different countries, something that just hasn’t been very common in the NHL’s history.
That being said, we’re still not at a point where we can say that any country is on a level playing field with Canada. In the NHL, 44% of players are from Canada, an uptick of 2% from last year. The USA is a not-so-close second at 27%, down 1% from last year.
Teams included in the chart below, and all subsequent charts breaking down nationality are as follows in order: Canada, United States, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Slovakia, Germany, Denmark, Latvia, France, Austria, Slovenia, Belarus, Netherlands, and Norway. The NHL features players of 17 different nationalities this season.
Even from the graph above, it’s easy to see that the Big Six, or the nations of Canada, United States, Sweden, Finland, Czech Republic, and Russia are still the most represented countries in the NHL. The drop off from the Czech Republic, the Big Six country with the fewest players in the NHL, to the next country is significant.
The average team has 1.3 players from outside Big Six countries or just around 5% of their standard 23-man roster. This is down from the same time last year when each team averaged 1.6 players from outside the Big Six. The New Jersey Devils lead the league with six players from non-Big Six countries, with the Columbus Blue Jackets behind them with five players. This season, 12 teams have zero players from outside the Big Six, and 20 teams have multiple players from outside the Big Six. This is significantly up from last season when only 13 teams had multiple players from outside the Big Six.
Broken down even further, most of the Big Six players hail from North America. Canada and the United States make up the majority of players in the NHL (71%), but even within the Big Six, North Americans account for 75% of players. This is slightly up from last year.
Once again, most teams are composed primarily by North American players, though the separation between North America and the rest of the world is not nearly as large as it was for the Big Six. On average, each team has 7.4 players from outside North America, or 32% of their roster. This is up from last year when the average was 30% per team. The Blue Jackets have the most non-North Americans on their roster with 13, closely followed by the Dallas Stars with 12. The Carolina Hurricanes, Florida Panthers, Devils, San Jose Sharks, and Washington Capitals join the list as other teams with 10 or more non-North American players.
The Winnipeg Jets have the lowest non-North American representation with just three players. The Philadelphia Flyers, Montreal Canadiens, Chicago Blackhawks, and Anaheim Ducks follow closely with just four players not from North America.
Looking at the rosters of each team in the NHL shows an interesting rainbow of nationalities spread throughout the league.
The teams that have the most players hailing from each country are as follows:
|United States of America||13||BOS|
|Czech Republic||3||BOS, DET, TOR|
|Denmark||1||CAR, CBJ, SEA, WSH, WPG|
|Latvia||1||BUF, CBJ, PIT, SJS|
|France||1||ARI, CBJ, TBL|
For North American players, the Oilers and Canadiens lead the league with 20 Canadians and the Bruins lead with 13 Americans. The Kings have the most Swedish players with six; the Panthers have the most Finns with five; the Bruins, Red Wings, and Maple Leafs lead with five Czechs; and the Capitals have the most Russians with four.
The Columbus Blue Jackets are this season’s most diverse team, featuring players from 10 different countries. Conversely, the Anaheim Ducks have the fewest number of countries represented with just three.
This season, of the 17 countries represented, five have just a single player in the league. These countries are Austria (Michael Raffl), Slovenia (Anze Kopitar), Belarus (Yegor Sharangovich), Netherlands (Daniel Sprong), and Norway (Mats Zuccarello).
Hockey might still be dominated by the Big Six, but the winds of change are blowing. Several new nations are joining the fold and becoming fixtures in the hockey landscape. Their surge up the international charts—and the draft board—signals a new era of ice hockey, where victory for the Canadians is no longer guaranteed. All signs are pointing to an Olympic tournament where we’ll finally get to see NHLers play in a best-on-best tournament after many years. It’ll be a great chance to further grown the game of hockey internationally, and perhaps usher in a wave of new hockey countries around the world.
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